Britain plans to send a warship to the disputed South China Sea in 2018 to conduct freedom of navigation exercises, Defence Minister Michael Fallon said on Thursday, a move likely to anger Beijing.
Fallon said that Britain would increase in presence in the waters after it had sent four British fighter planes for joint exercises with Japan in the region in 2016.
China claims most of the energy-rich sea where neighbors Brunei, Malaysia, the Philippines, Taiwan and Vietnam also have claims. “We hope to send a warship to region by 2018.
“We have not finalised exactly where that deployment will take place but we won’t be constrained by China from sailing through the South China Sea. “We have the right of freedom of navigation and we will exercise it,” Fallon said.
The presence of a British vessel threatens to stoke tensions, escalated by China’s naval build-up and its increasingly assertive stance.
China’s construction of islands and military facilities in the South China Sea has stoked international condemnation, amid concern Beijing is seeking to restrict free movement and extend its strategic reach.
Britain’s move could also upset ties between London and Beijing, undermining efforts to shore up what the two governments have called a “golden era” in their relationship as Britain heads towards a divorce with the European Union.
“We flew RAF Typhoons through the South China Sea in October and we will exercise that right whenever we next have the opportunity to do so, whenever we have ships or planes in the region,” Fallon said.
The U.S. estimates Beijing has added more than 1,300 hectares on seven features in the South China Sea over the past three years, building runways, ports, aircraft hangars and communications equipment.
To counter the perceived Chinese aggression, the U.S. has conducted regular freedom of navigation exercises that have angered Beijing.
The U.S. had sent two bombers over the region, coming just a few months after it sent a warship to carry out a maneuvering drill within 12 nautical miles of one of China’s artificial islands.
China has repeatedly denounced efforts by countries from outside the region to get involved in the South China Sea dispute.
The South China Sea is expected to dominate a regional security meeting in Manila next week, where Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi will meet counterparts from the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) countries.
“Meeting ASEAN diplomats in Beijing on Wednesday, Wang told them both sides must “exclude disturbances on the South China Sea issue, and maintain positive momentum,” China’s Foreign Ministry said.