Thousands of migrants slept in car parks and petrol stations on the island of Lesbos last night after Greece’s largest refugee camp burned down – with locals setting up roadblocks to stop a new one being built.
Hungry families slept on roadsides and in fields across the island after the Moria camp was reduced to a mass of smouldering steel and melted tent tarpaulin following successive blazes on Tuesday and Wednesday.
Some who fled the fires have tested positive for Covid-19 after an outbreak of the disease in the camp, further complicating attempts to round up migrants and get them into alternative accommodation.
Trucks were yesterday blocking access to the ruins of the camp to prevent a clean-up operation that would make way for new tents.
‘Now is the time to shut down Moria for good,’ said Vangelis Violatzis, a local municipal leader. ‘We don’t want another camp, and we will oppose any construction work. We’ve faced this situation for five years, it’s time for others to bear this burden.’
Greece’s government says the fire was started deliberately by asylum seekers protesting against quarantine measures at the camp, and is calling for Europe to share the burden of housing the migrants.
Angela Merkel’s interior minister Horst Seehofer said today that that 10 EU countries had agreed to take in some of the 406 unaccompanied children at the camp, with most of them set to go to France or Germany.
Displaced migrants sleep in a supermarket car park on the island of Lesbos early today following the fire which destroyed Greece’s largest refugee camp
A woman holds her child as displaced asylum seekers wait to see whether they can board a bus out of Moria on Thursday
Refugees find shelter outside a Lidl supermarket next to a road near Mytilene after 12,000 people were left homeless by the successive fires on Tuesday and Wednesday
A woman pushes a child in a shopping trolley as migrants take shelter in a car park in Mytilene on Thursday
Refugees set up camp on the road near Mytilene as families were forced to sleep in the open following the fires
An asylum seeker rests on a blanket at the roadside in Lesbos which has long been one of the main gateways to Europe
An aerial view on Thursday shows the aftermath of the fire which broke out on Tuesday night, leaving around 12,000 people homeless
The fire late on Tuesday at Moria camp, Greece’s main migrant facility, sent thousands fleeing for safety into surrounding olive groves.
‘We’ve lost everything, we were abandoned, without food, water or medicine,’ said Fatma Al-Hani, a Syrian woman who barely had time to grab her identity papers before the flames engulfed the camp.
Gaelle Koukanee, a pregnant 21-year-old Congolese refugee, said the police had fired tear gas during the operation to extinguish the fire.
‘We have children, old people, disabled among us. Why this lack of humanity?’ she asked, seeking shelter from the beating sun under an olive tree.
While nobody was seriously hurt, the Tuesday blaze destroyed the official part of the camp, which housed 4,000 people, ministers said.
A second fire broke out late on Wednesday, destroying most of the remaining camp where another 8,000 lived in tents and makeshift shacks around the perimeter.
Another fire briefly broke out inside the camp on Thursday.
The minors in the Moria camp have been flown off Lesbos island and rehoused in ‘safe’ facilities in northern Greece, Athens said, adding that all had been tested for the coronavirus.
Migration minister Notis Mitarachi said that asylum seekers had started the fire because of quarantine measures imposed after 35 people at the camp tested positive for coronavirus.
Some who fled the fires on Tuesday and Wednesday night later tested positive for Covid-19, complicating attempts to round up migrants and get them into alternative accommodation.
Blockade: Lesbos residents park trucks head-to-head to barricade a road and stop the Moria migrant camp being cleaned up and replaced
Asylum seekers rest with their belongings by their heads after setting up camp on a roadside near Moria today
A migrant pulls a girl lying on a cart on the island of Lesbos today with refugees left homeless and hungry by the fire
A woman carries her child as asylum seekers walk on a roadside, many of them wearing masks following a coronavirus outbreak at the camp which Greek officials say led to the fire
Two men push a garbage bin with their belongings and children inside with one girl taking a sip from a water bottle
Displaced migrants wait in a line for food outside a Lidl supermarket in Mytilene yesterday
Refugees rest on the side of the road under blankets on Lesbos following the destruction of their migrant encampment
A man and a child wearing a mask pull their belongings along a road on Lesbos in the early hours of Friday morning
Asylum seekers find shelter outside a petrol station on Lesbos, with talks underway in Europe on how to re-settle the migrants
A group of women wearing face masks because of the coronavirus outbreak at the camp carry their belongings in bags today
Riot police units were brought to the port of Mytilene in Lesbos early this morning following Tuesday’s fire
Earlier this year, a plan to build a new camp on Lesbos stalled after locals clashed with riot police to prevent the construction.
‘We lacked toilets, showers and as women, we were afraid to walk at night. But now I’m even more worried about my future,’ Koukanee, the Congolese refugee, said.
Greek officials have declared a four-month emergency on the island and flew in extra riot police.
Germany and France on Thursday agreed on an initiative for EU states to share out some 400 minors from the camp, a source close to the talks told AFP.
‘As a preliminary step we are offering to Greece to accept refugees who are minors – other steps must follow,’ German Chancellor Angela Merkel told a panel discussion in Berlin.
The European Union must ‘assume more shared responsibility’ for migration policy, Merkel said.
Greek prime minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis wants that kind of sentiment transformed into action.
‘Europe must move from words of solidarity to a policy of acts of solidarity,’ he said at a summit of Mediterranean leaders in Corsica.
‘We have to put the migration crisis at the heart of our discussions and be much more concrete,’ he said.
Children sit on a blanket while adult migrants survey their belongings on a roadside camp on Lesbos on Friday
Asylum seekers carry their belongings as they walk on a roadside close to the remains of where they had been living
Asylum seekers carry their belongings including what appears to be a child’s toy as they walk on a road on Lesbos today
Refugees take shelter under tents and blankets on the side of a road today with their future thrown into uncertainty
A displaced asylum-seeker says her goodbyes as others wait to see if they are able to board a bus out of Moria
Migrants shower themselves in a ditch a few miles away from the Moria fire which broke out on Tuesday night
Refugees find shelter near the Lesbos coast early this morning, with thousands of people left homeless and hungry by the fire
Two Greek navy vessels would provide additional sleeping space, the migration ministry said.
The Netherlands offered to take in 100 of the migrants, half of them minors.
European Commission vice-president Margaritis Schinas, who visited Lesbos on Thursday, said they had organised the transfer of 400 unaccompanied minors to the mainland with a view to their relocation in Europe.
‘And in the next few hours, there will be ships financed by the European Union to provide shelter to those vulnerable, more-in-need,’ he said.
Since becoming one of the main gateways into Europe for migrants and asylum seekers in 2015, Greece has built dozens of detention centres around the country.
But with other European nations accepting only a small trickle of refugees, thousands remain trapped in the Greek camps in usually dismal health conditions.
Greece’s conservative government has also toughened its asylum restrictions, slashing cash benefits and accommodation provisions to discourage further migration.
‘This is Europe?’ asked Fatma, clutching her two-year-old son.
‘I’ve had enough, I just want my baby to grow up in peace,’ she said, breaking down in tears.