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Majority Women Among Candidates Still In Running To Head WTO

In this file photo taken on September 19, 2016 former Finance Minster of Nigeria Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala looks on during the Opening Plenary Session: “Partnering for Global Prosperity,” at the Clinton Global Initiative in New York. Bryan R. Smith / AFP

Three women — two Africans and a South Korean — have been selected among the five candidates still in the running to take the helm of the World Trade Organization, diplomatic sources told AFP Friday.

No woman, and no African, has ever headed the global trade body.

The initial pool of eight candidates to replace Roberto Azevedo, who stepped down as WTO chief last month a year ahead of schedule, was whittled down to five Friday.

Amina Mohamed

Women candidates Amina Mohamed of Kenya, Ngozi Okonjo-Iweala of Nigeria, and Yoo Myung-hee of South Korea remain, alongside two men: Liam Fox of Britain and Mohammed Al-Tuwaijri of Saudi Arabia, several diplomatic sources said.

The narrowing of the field came after the WTO in recent days hosted consultations, dubbed “confessionals”, with all 164 member states to determine which of the initial eight were the most likely to garner the needed consensus.

Korean Trade Minister Yoo Myung-hee
(FILES) In this file photo taken on August 21, 2019 South Korean Trade Minister Yoo Myung-hee delivers a speech attend ceremony marking the conclusion of negotiations on a free trade agreement between Israel and the Republic of Korea in Jerusalem.  (Photo by Gil COHEN-MAGEN / AFP)

The three with the least support, Jesus Saede Kuri of Mexico, Tudor Ulianovschi of Moldova and Abdel-Hamid Mamdouh of Egypt, were then cut from the list

There is no requirement for a regional rotation of the WTO chief position.

But there have been calls for an African to finally get a shot at running the organisation, which since its creation in 1995 has counted three director-generals from Europe, and one each from Oceania, Asia and South America.

The WTO has presented a timeline for selecting a winner within a few months, but some fear increasing politicisation of the organisation, which relies on consensus to reach decisions, could draw out the process much longer.

It is already mired in stalled trade talks and struggling to curb trade tensions between the United States and China.

The global trade body has also faced relentless attacks from Washington, which has crippled the WTO dispute settlement appeal system and threatened to leave the organisation altogether.

And now the WTO, set to remain leaderless for several more months at least, is struggling to help members navigate a severe global economic slump triggered by the coronavirus pandemic.


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