The US president, who tested positive for the disease ten days ago and has been strongly criticsed for his virus response, promised that ‘vaccines and cures are coming fast’ in an early-morning tweet from Washington.
He also used the European figures to hit out at his critics, saying they were held up earlier in the pandemic ‘as examples of places that are doing well, in order to make the U.S look bad’.
Angela Merkel’s chief of staff said on Monday that a country-wide cap on the number of people allowed at gatherings and a ban on non-essential travel may be necessary if infections continue to rise.
Just hours earlier, an 11pm curfew came into effect on bars and restaurants in Berlin and Frankfurt after both cities breached a limit of 50 Covid cases per 100,000 people. Six other cities were also placed in emergency measures on Sunday, with Munich added to the list early Monday.
In France, Prime Minister Jean Castex warned that full-scale local lockdowns could be on the cards if curbs on bars and restaurants already in place in nine cities including Paris and Marseille do not bring infections down.
Mr Castex warned of a ‘strong second wave’ and that ‘nothing can be ruled out’ when it comes to the response, though said another full-scale lockdown of the country must be ‘avoided by all means’. Emmanuel Macron is due to give a nationwide address on Wednesday.
Meanwhile Spain and Italy were both due to bring in new restrictions this week, as protests took place in both countries against leaders’ handling of the pandemic.
European leaders are threatening to bring in more coronavirus restrictions in an attempt to curb a second wave of infection, less than a week after the last round of measures went into effect (pictured, how coronavirus cases have begun rising in Europe in recent weeks, though increased testing means the numbers are not comparable to earlier in the outbreak)
Donald Trump has urged European leaders to be ‘strong and vigilant’ as he warned of a ‘big spike in the China plague’ on the continent, promising that ‘vaccines and cures are coming fast’
Germany has warned of new nation-wide curbs on gatherings and travel after cases began trending upwards (left), though deaths have remained flat (right). Eight cities have already been placed in emergency measures, as Angela Merkel warns that country-wide curbs may soon follow
France has placed the cities of Toulouse and Montpellier under Covid measures while warning that full-scale lockdowns of the kind seen earlier in the year may follow, after cases spiked (left). Deaths have begun rising (right), but are nowhere near the peak seen during the first wave
The US has seen more than 40,000 new cases of coronavirus recorded per day on average in October, with the total number of cases now standing at 7.7million
In total, 214,764 deaths have been recorded from the virus in the US, with an average of more than 700 per day in October
Measures now under consideration in Europe include…
- France – Full-scale lockdowns of regions and cities were coronavirus is spreading widely, which could see citizens confined to their homes except for essential activities. Toulouse and Montpellier have been added to a list of cities already under additional measures, including a curfew on bars and restaurants
- Germany – Country-wide caps on the number of people allowed to meet in one group, and restrictions on non-essential travel, either within or to and from affected regions. Eight cities, including Berlin and Frankfurt, are already subject to the restrictions after emerging as centres of infection, with Munich added on Monday
- Italy – Ban on private gatherings of more than 10 people, 10-person limit at weddings, 15-person limit at funerals, ban on amateur contact sport involving more than six people. Announcement expected today
- Spain – Catalonia, the region where Barcelona is located, and Navarra were placed under additional measures on Sunday including curfews for bars and restaurants, work from home orders for offices, and limits on the number of people who can meet to six
Cases of coronavirus have been rising sharply across Europe in recent weeks as students return to schools and universities, though increased testing means the figures are not comparable to those seen during the first wave.
Deaths have remained far below their first-wave peak, suggesting that many of the new cases are moderate or mild infections that were missed during the first wave due to a shortage of tests.
However, an increase in demand for hospital beds and increased intensive care admissions suggests the disease is circulating more rapidly than it did over the summer.
There is typically a lag between countries putting measures into place and those measures showing in data.
Experts have previously criticised governments for implementing measures too quickly or all at once, making it unclear which ones are responsible for reducing infections.
In Italy, ministers are preparing to issue first round of lockdown measures, with an announcement possible today.
The new rules are set to include a ban on private parties, a limit weddings to 10 guests, and to impose social distancing in workplaces and ban amateur sports involving more than six people.
Germany has already placed eight cities under emergency measures which includes curfews for bars and clubs (pictured, police close a bar in Hambrug on Sunday night) after rises in cases
Police check a bar in downtown Hamburg to make sure it has closed at 11pm in line with new restrictions in the city
People line up at a coronavirus test centre in Cologne, another German city that has been placed under emergency measures
The government will also reduce to 10 days from 14 days the quarantine period necessary for people who have come into contact with an infected person, Health Minister Roberto Speranza said, in line with other countries.
In Spain, a report has warned that Barcelona could be just 15 days away from seeing infection levels similar to those in Madrid, one of Europe’s worst-hit cities.
Parts of the Spanish capital have already been placed back into full-scale lockdown – meaning people are confined to their homes except for essential business – with curbs put in place for other neighbourhoods.
Catalonia and Navarra announced new coronavirus restrictions on public life on Sunday, which includes work from home orders for businesses in Barcelona.
Universities were also asked to move their classes online during the next 15 days to reduce ‘social interactions’.
In Navarra, which is home to around 650,000 people, gatherings as of Tuesday will be limited to six people, bars and restaurants must close at 10 pm and their capacity will be limited to 30 per cent.
Capacity at cinemas, theatres and libraries will reduced to 30 percent while supermarkets will be limited to 40 percent, regional leader Maria Chivite added.
Meanwhile the Spanish royal family are taking part in a Los Reyes celebration in Madrid that has been massively scaled down from its previous military parades due to the pandemic.
Kings Felipe and Queen Letizia watched the parade, along with Princess Leonor and Princess Sofia. Just 500 troops participated, down from the usual 3,000. A reception at the Royal palace was also scrapped.
Workers from Italy’s entertainment industry take part in a mass, socially-distanced protests against the country’s handling of the coronavirus pandemic outside Milan’s Duomo cathedral
Entertainment workers bang on the top of empty equipment boxes during a protest against the country’s handling of the coronavirus pandemic
A man holds a skeleton wearing a face masks which reads ‘I did not die of coronavirus but of hunger’ amid demonstrations against the government’s handling of the crisis
Italy has seen a sharp rise in coronavirus infections in recent days, though deaths have shown only a slight increase as better testing facilities means that more moderate and mild cases are being detected
In the UK, Prime Minister Boris Johnson was set to announce a fresh round of restrictions on Monday that are expected to plunge large parts of the north of England back into a form of lockdown.
Bars and restaurants are expected to be shut in Liverpool, with Manchester, Newcastle, and Nottingham also at risk of being hit by additional measures.
The UK saw an average of 12,800 coronavirus cases reported per day last week, up 9 per cent on the previous week, when the total was 11,700.
Health officials have warned that hospital admissions have now exceeded the level they were at when the first national lockdown came into place, and may breach the previous peak within weeks.
That leaves hospitals at risk of being overwhelmed, increasing the fatality rate for those who cannot access treatment, and having a knock-on effect for those who cannot access other non-Covid care.
France reported nearly 27,000 new virus cases on Saturday – an increase of 32 per cent on the previous day’s total, and the country’s highest total so-far of the second wave.
Another 16,000 new cases were recorded on Sunday, with the overall death toll now standing at 32,730.
Italy on Friday topped 5,000 new COVID-19 cases for the first time during its second wave, with Saturday and Sunday’s totals also above that mark.
A drive-in protest blocks a major thoroughfare in Madrid as activists take part in an anti-lockdown demonstration, after parts of the Spanish capital were placed back into strict measures
A man waves a Spanish flag on the roof of his car as he demonstrates against lockdown measures being brought into force
Mask-wearing demonstrators wave Spanish flags during an anti-lockdown protest in Madrid on Monday
Spain saw a sharp rise in infections throughout August and September, although figures have levelled off in recent days (left). Deaths have also started climbing, but are well below the first-wave peak
Deaths linked to COVID-19 are far fewer, normally below 30, compared with peaks above 900 per day around the end of March.
Spain, which had reported the highest number of coronavirus cases anywhere in Europe throughout August and September, has seen its figures fall slightly and then stabilise over the last two weeks.
The seven-day rolling average of cases stood at 10,100 on Friday, the last day for which data is available since Spain does not report cases at the weekend. That is down from the 10,500 cases it reported a week earlier.
Germany, considered to have implemented one of the best virus responses in Europe, reported 2,700 new cases on Monday – almost double the cases reported the same day a week ago.
The Netherlands continues to be the new sick-man of Europe, reporting new cases at a rate that far exceeds other European countries, even when comparing second wave figures.
Prime Minister Mark Rutte, who earlier shunned the use of face masks and boasted of ‘intelligent lockdown’ measures, warned the Dutch that they are facing a second national lockdown if things do not improve.
He chastised his countrymen for ‘disobeying the basic rules’ as the country reported more than 6,800 new cases on Sunday. That means the country now has 160 cases per 100,000 citizens, compared to the UK’s 59.
‘If [the situation doesn’t improve in the next few days, then we won’t escape [a second lockdown],’ he said. ‘The next 72 hours are important.’
Mark Rutte, the Dutch prime minister, has warned of a second nation-wide lockdown after cases began rising exponentially (left), though deaths are still below their first-wave peak (right)