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Mushroom hunter discovers intricately patterned bronze sword dating back 3,300 YEARS


Mushroom hunter discovers intricately patterned bronze sword dating back 3,300 YEARS after he kicked lump of metal he found sticking out of the ground in Czech forest

  • A forager near Prague uncovered a Bronze Age sword and axe dating to 1300 BC 
  • The sword is broken near the hilt, or handle, but the rest is otherwise intact
  • Archaeologists believe it was ceremonial piece and not used in warfare
  • Its octagonal handle is intricately carved with circles and crescents 

By Dan Avery For

Published: | Updated:

A man hunting for mushrooms found came away with more than just a bunch of fungus – he discovered two rare Bronze Age weapons.

Roman Novák was foraging for fungi after a rainstorm in Jesenick, a small town about 150 miles from Prague, when he noticed a piece of metal jutting out of the ground.

Examining it closer, Novák realized it was part of a sword, dating back some 3,300 years ago. 

Digging some more, he also uncovered a bronze axe from the same era nearby.

The discovery has led local archaeologists to plan an excavation in the area.

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A man foraging for mushrooms in a rural part of the Czech Republic uncovered a bronze sword dating to 1300 BC, when the Urnfield culture was just developing in Central Europe

‘It had just rained and I went mushroom-picking,’ Novák told Radio Prague International. As I went, I saw a piece of metal sticking out of some stones. I kicked it and found that it was a blade, part of a sword.’

Archaeologists who examined both pieces say they date to about 1300 BC, when the Central Europe’s Urnfield culture was just emerging and Jeseník would have been sparsely populated.

Unlike later iron swords, which are hammered into shape while still red hot, bronze swords were made by heating the metal until it turned into a liquid and then pouring it into a mold.

The sword has an octagonal handle, with a bronze hilt intricately carved with circles and crescents. 

The sword has an octagonal handle, with a bronze hilt intricately carved with circles and crescents

The blade of the sword is broken near the base but it’s otherwise intact. 

The blade, which is broken near the base but otherwise intact, resemble weapons used mainly in what is now Northern Germany. 

‘They were obviously trying their best, but the quality of the casting was actually pretty low,’ said Jiří Juchelka, director of archaeology at the nearby Silesian Museum. ‘X-ray tests show that there are many small bubbles inside the weapon.’

X-ray analysis shows the blade is hollow inside, suggesting it was ceremonial rather than meant for battle

Because of that, Juchelka believes the sword was more ceremonial than something used in combat.

Nevertheless, it’s only the second of its kind found in the region.

‘It is like a puzzle,’ said Milan Rychlý of Jesenick’s Ethnografic Museum. ‘We just have four little shards from the story that took place right now, so we have to start piecing everything together.’

When the excavation of the area is complete, all the items will go on display at the two museums.  

The sword’s pommel still has remnants of the crescent shapes visible on the hilt

 The weapons were uncovered  in a forest in the Czech Republic’s eastern Jesenick District

Mushroom picking after it rains is a popular hobby in Eastern Europe: Last month a man foraging in north-central Poland literally stumbled across a trove of 17th century silver coins.

Bogusław Rumiński’s bike got stuck in a rut while he was riding in his tiny village of Jezuicka Struga. 

When he put his hands out to stop his fall, Rumiński landed on dozens silver pieces dating to the reign of King John II Casimir Vasa.

Another mushroom hunter in Poland uncovered dozens of silver coins from between 1657 amd 1667, minted during the reign of King John II Casimir Vasa

The coins, which are in excellent condition, were minted between 1657 and 1667, shortly after the Deluge, an era of frequent wars involving Russia, Poland and Sweden.

Later searching with a metal detector turned up even more coins, bringing the total to 86.

Because of the coins’ fine condition, experts believe they were hidden shortly after being produced.   


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