His death on Wednesday, 10 March, came two days after his 56th birthday and some eight months following the passing away of his predecessor.
“Our country is in mourning,” President Alassane Ouattara said in a Twitter post.
“It is with great sorrow that I announce the death of prime minister Hamed Bakayoko, head of state, minister of defence in Germany, as a result of cancer,” he added, describing Bakayoko as ”a great statesman, a model for our youth, a personality of great generosity and exemplary loyalty”.
“He was a key player in the political game and a major player in reconciliation. It’s a true shame,” said Issiaka Sangare, spokesman for the opposition Ivorian Popular Front.
A close ally of the 79-year-old president, Bakayoko was named prime minister in July 2020 following the sudden death of his predecessor, Amadou Gon Coulibaly.
He was flown to France on February 18 for medical checks and later to Freiburg, in southwest Germany.
The government said in a statement on Friday that Ouattara had met Bakayoko during a visit to France last week, and given the condition of the minister’s health, it was recommended that his hospitalisation should be extended.
On Monday, Ouattara had named his close confidant and chief of staff, Patrick Achi, as interim prime minister in place of Bakayoko.
Tene Birahima Ouattara, a younger brother of the president, was named interim defence minister.
Bakayoko abandoned medical school to launch Le Patriote newspaper in the early 1990s, enabling him to build ties with various actors on the Ivorian political scene.
His move to head the Ivory Coast subsidiary of French Radio Nostalgie in 1993 opened the world of showbiz to Bakayoko, who rose to become the head of the radio’s African operations in 2000.
He was first appointed minister of telecommunications and new technologies in 2003, a position he held until a disputed presidential election in 2010 which led to a brief civil war after former president Laurent Gbagbo refused to accept the results.
After the war, Ouattara appointed Bakayoko as interior minister in 2011. He held the position until a series of army mutinies by disgruntled soldiers in 2017 saw him hand over the defence portfolio with the aim of reforming the army.
Known for his rowdy political campaigns, Bakayoko was elected mayor of the poor Abidjan district of Abobo in 2018.
He won the parliamentary seat for the Seguela district with 90 per cent of the vote in Saturday’s legislative election without campaigning in person, results published on Sunday showed.